HAWKER TYPHOON AND TEMPEST: A FORMIDABLE PAIR
Autore: Philip Birtles
The Hawker Typhoon and Tempest were unbeatable in the hazardous ground attack role during the Second World War.
- The rugged construction of the Typhoon and Tempest helped maintain air superiority during the Second World War
- The Napier Sabre engine provided exceptional power once development problems were cured
- Tempest pilots were able to destroy many V-1 flying bombs and saved civilian lives While the Typhoon with its thick wing was ineffective in combat at altitude, the thin wing Tempest excelled
With technology of the Hurricane being at the end of the biplane combat era, there was an urgent requirement for a modern fighter with a capability ahead of anticipated fighter development for the Luftwaffe.
Led by Sydney Camm, the Hawker design team created the all-metal stressed skin structure and the Typhoon was powered by the revolutionary Napier Sabre engine. Whereas the Hurricane had been developed in peacetime, the Typhoon was designed during the war, when the urgency of the programme caused the development of both the airframe and engine to be accelerated, resulting in teething troubles not being fully solved when the aircraft entered service with the RAF.
The much-improved Tempest used the same engine and basic fuselage with thinner lamina flow wings, giving improved performance at high altitude and allowing the destruction of V-1s. Both aircraft made a significant impact on the victory by the Allies during the Second World War, although their low-level ground attack missions were extremely hazardous and resulted in high losses.
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